Straight streams have been used for fire suppression for hundreds of years. Anecdotal evidence is plentiful on how to use them both inside and outside. But the research and the theories to support that empirical data is limited.

In 2022 I made this presentation on straight streams and smoke cooling. NIPV made a study on the effectiveness of smoke cooling and I was invited to speak about the topic. I wanted to give my thoughts on what the missing pieces are for understanding straight stream smoke cooling, from primarily a European perspective.

This presentation was recorded on the 14th International Congress on Fire Safety & Science at NIPV in the Netherlands.

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